The Spanish maintained control over Jamaica for over a century until the English captured the island in 1655. Jamaica became a British colony and remained under British rule for nearly 300 years. During this time, the British introduced slavery to the island to work in lucrative sugar and tobacco plantations. The slave trade continued until the early 19th century, followed by the abolition of slavery and the establishment of a system of indentured servitude.
Jamaica gained independence from Britain in 1962 and became a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It has since undergone significant political and socio-economic changes, including the rise of the Rastafarian movement in the mid-20th century and the development of the tourism industry.
Throughout its history, Jamaica has also produced notable figures such as Bob Marley, Marcus Garvey, and Usain Bolt, who have contributed to its cultural and historical significance in the Caribbean and the world.
Today, Jamaica is a vibrant and diverse nation with a rich cultural heritage and a population of over 2.9 million people.
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